The Romanian Radio National Orchestra
Almost a century of artistic activity (88 years) draws the history of the Romanian Radio National Orchestra, an ensemble strongly linked with the evolution of music performing and broadcasting in Romania. In 1928, when Radio Romania was launched, the grounds of the Romanian Radio Symphony Orchestra (later on named The Romanian Radio National Orchestra) have been set, upon the initiative of composer Mihail Jora. Major Romanian conductors have conducted since the ensemble, namely Ionel Perlea, Alfred Alessandrescu, Theodor Rogalski, Constantin Silvestri, Iosif Conta, Emanuel Elenescu, Horia Andreescu şi Tiberiu Soare, precum şi invitaţi de prestigiu ca George Enescu, Sergiu Comissiona, Ion Baciu, Cristian Mandeal and Christian Badea.
The last decades have seen renowned Romanian and international musicians to hold the headline of the performances undertaken by the Romanian Radio National Orchestra:
conductors Carlo Zecchi, Igor Markevitch, Ion Marin, Michel Plasson, Maxim Shostakovic, Neil Thomson, Julien Salemkour and famous soloists like Montserrat Caballé, Eliane Coelho, Ileana Cotrubaş, Ruxandra Donose, Angela Gheorghiu, Elena Moşuc, Teodora Gheorghiu, Placido Domingo, Luciano Pavarotti. Great pianists like Radu Lupu, Marta Argerich, Valentin Gheorghiu, Dan Grigore, Sviatoslav Richter, Mihaela Ursuleasa, Horia Mihail and famous violinists like Yehudi Menuhin, Isaac Stern, David Oistrakh, Maxim Vengerov, Vadim Repin, Alexandru Tomescu, Gabriel Croitoru, Liviu Prunaru, Sarah Nemțanu and cellists such Natalia Gutman, Mstislav Rostropovici, Franz Helmerson, Alexandr Rudin have performed together with the ensemble.
The repertoire of the ensemble covers a varied and wide array of musical genres from all epochs, ranging from Baroque to contemporary music. More than any other symphony ensemble in the country, the Romanian Radio National Orchestra undertakes to perform and promote the Romanian music: the ensemble has performed the highest number of pieces authored by Romanian composers in first audition, promoting them through concerts given in the concert hall, through broadcasts and special recordings on CD and for the Romanian Radio Golden Archive, part of which have been also broadcast through the European Broadcasting Union.
The Romanian Radio National Orchestra has undertaken tours in France, Italy, Germany, Spain, Switzerland, Russia, Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Japan and China. The orchestra has been rewarded with important national and international prizes and accolades for its recordings : Charles Cros (France); Puerta del Sol (Uruguay), Koussevitzky (United States).
The major events which have brought the Romanian Radio National Orchestra at the foreground of the Romanian cultural life in last seasons have been the George Enescu Festival, the two editions of the RadiRo Festival (an international classical music event dedicated to radio ensembles), the extraordinary concerts given in the occasion of the King’s Day and the performances held together with internationally renowned artists like Andrea Bocelli, Angela Gheorghiu, José Carreras, Richard Galliano, Viorica Cortez, Leontina Văduva, Ruxandra Donose, Elena Moşuc, Teodora Gheorghiu and Roxana Constantinescu.
The international tours undertaken in the occasion of the Shanghai World Expo and Shanghai Spring International Festival, Varna Summer Fest and Balchik Classic Days Festival, as well as the ensemble’s most recent tour, in September 2014, in Kuala Lumpur (as part of the international event World Summit of Media for Children), are a further testimony for the valuable projects developed by the Romanian Radio National Orchestra.